Popular tonic in winter
Entering the winter, the weather is cold, the body’s physiological functions are inhibited, contracted, reduced, and the appropriate tonic can make people absorb, store nutrients, and replenish and seal the kidney essence, especially for middle-aged and old friends, can penetrate longevityThe role.
This year’s winter supplements have seen new changes. Many people suspect that the compound medicine is troublesome, and the trend of single-flavor medicine supplements has arisen. The ginseng soup, cordyceps meat, angelica tea, jaundice porridge and Tianma rice have been favored.
銆€銆€(1) Ginseng soup Ginseng is a common qi medicine, mainly used to treat physical weakness, diabetes and palpitations, insomnia, forgetfulness, impotence, etc., especially suitable for middle-aged and elderly people.
銆€銆€Identification: In ginseng, raw sun ginseng is more affordable and more common.
Should pay attention to the identification when purchasing raw ginseng, the main root of the top is implanted or spindle-shaped, length 3?
15 cm, diameter 1?
The surface is grayish yellow, with thick horizontal stripes and obvious longitudinal wrinkles on the upper part and roots 2 on the lower part.
3, each root has a root, the occasional small crack-like protrusions on the roots, commonly known as “pearl points.”
The top rhizome, that is, the head of the reed is 1?
4 cm, the wind-sparse dimple-like stem marks, known as the “reed bowl.”
Usually, ginseng must be planted for at least 6 years before mining. The age of the ginseng is mainly judged according to the 鈥渞eed bowl鈥? The more the 鈥渞eed bowl鈥?is, the longer it ages.
The ginseng counterfeit product usually has no reed bowl in the root stem, the upper part has no ring pattern, and there is no cone in the center of the section. There is no special aroma of ginseng smelling, and it has a stimulating feeling, and the mouth tastes sticky and slippery, and has a spicy feeling.
銆€銆€Tonic method: Put the ginseng in a water stew, 3 grams of ginseng tablets in a porcelain bowl, add half a bowl of water, stew for 30 minutes, and take the soup when it is slightly cold.
Ginseng can also be ground into powder, filled into glutinous rice capsules, and served on an empty stomach.
During the ginseng period, eat cold and greasy, spicy and radish, etc., avoid drinking tea.
銆€銆€(B) Cordyceps meat Cordyceps sinensis is a remedy for yang, but the drug is moderate, and can be used for waist and knee soreness, impotence and nocturnal emission, lung deficiency and chronic cough, body chills and chills.
銆€銆€Identification: Cordyceps is divided into two parts, one part is the worm body and the other part is the scorpion.
The shape of the worm is like a silkworm, which is 3?
5 cm, about 3?
8 mm, the appearance is khaki or yellow-brown, rough, with a distinct ring pattern, about 20?
30, the ring near the head is thin, and the head is yellowish red.
There are 8 pairs of feet in the whole body, 3 pairs in the near head, 4 pairs in the middle, and 1 pair in the tail, of which the middle 4 pairs are most obvious.
The worm body is intact, hypertrophy, the outer color is yellow, and the inner color is white.
Cordyceps sinensis is more susceptible to insect pests and should be kept in a confined manner.
Most of the fake Cordyceps in the market is made of fine mud and fine wood ash, which is made by pressing the Cordyceps model. After drying, the Cordyceps is similar.
However, the texture of the pseudo-worm body is not clear, the whole insect is defective, and there is a heavy weight in the hand.
In addition, the real insects chew in the mouth without chewing, and the more chewy, and the fake cordy grass is saturated with saliva, full of mud powder, and no fragrance.
銆€銆€Tonic method: Cordyceps can be stewed with chicken, duck, beef, and mutton. Use 10 first?
15 grams of Cordyceps and water are boiled separately, and then juiced and then stewed in chicken, duck, beef or lamb.
Can you also put Cordyceps 3?
5 g is ground into a powder, taken in a capsule or boiled with boiling water.
銆€銆€(3) Astragalus porridge and jaundice are qi-invigorating medicines, which have good effects on spleen and stomach weakness, urinary dysfunction, and sequelae of stroke and other senile diseases.
銆€銆€Identification: Good jaundice is presented, with few branches, and the center of the top or root of a few old roots is a hollow dark brown, known as “pepper eye.”
Thick and thin, long 10?
90 cm, diameter 1?3.
The surface is grayish yellow or light brown with longitudinal wrinkles or grooves, and the lenticels are laterally elongated and skipped.
The taste is slightly sweet, and the chewing has a slight bean flavor.
Long-mild, yellow-brown and highly damp, should be placed in a closed container and added with desiccant such as quicklime, charcoal, silica gel, or placed in a ventilated and dry place.
銆€銆€Tonic method: You can use about 50 grams of astragalus, add appropriate amount of water decoction, then take the scutellaria soup, add the right amount of rice to cook porridge.
Or with the right amount of scorpion, it has a good effect on qi and blood weakness.
In addition, in the stew, stewed chicken, put some jaundice, will also increase the nourishing effect.
銆€銆€(D) Angelica tea Angelica can be blood, often used for blood deficiency dizziness, cold and abdominal pain, chronic cough and asthma and blood deficiency and dryness of constipation.
銆€銆€Identification: The roots of Angelica are slightly hierarchical, the main root is 鈥渉omecoming鈥? the root is called 鈥渢ailing鈥? and the whole medicine is 鈥渁ll returning鈥?
All return to normal length 15?
25 cm, the outer skin is yellowish brown to dark brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and horizontal long lenticels.
The main root is thick and long, oily, the skin color is yellow-brown, the section color is yellow and white, and the smell is strong.
It is dry and oil-free or has a green-brown cross section, indicating that it has deteriorated and cannot be used for medicinal purposes.
There are two kinds of fake Angelica Angelica and Wild Angelica.
The main root of Ou Danggui is thick and long, with few roots, and the head has multiple head-shaped lateral stem residues, so it is also called 鈥渓ong headed angelica鈥? the main root of wild angelica is conical, with branches, the most common with two branches.The root has stem residues or dead holes.
Both are hard and hard, all have a slight aroma of angelica, but the taste is slightly sweet and then bitter, with a sense of numbness.
銆€銆€Tonic method: blood is used for homing, and blood is broken with tail.
Cut the angelica into thin slices and take 5?
10 grams of boiled water or soaked in water as a tea, has a good tonic effect.
You can also add a small amount of angelica to stewed chicken and stew.
銆€銆€(5) Tianma rice Tianma can be hurricane, long-term benefit, and can also treat complications such as stroke, paralysis, rheumatism and pain.
銆€銆€Identification: Gastrodia elata is long oval, flat and slightly curved, about 5?
13 cm, width 2?
6 cm, thick 1?
The one end is slightly thicker, with reddish-brown dry gums. This is what we call the “Budgerigar Mouth” or “Red Petal”.
At the other end, there is a round umbilical scar after the mother’s hemp has fallen off, which is called “belly eye”.
Gastrodia can be harvested in winter and spring, with the distinction of “Winter Ma” and “Spring Ma”.
“Winter Ma” is small and heavy, with “Budgen’s mouth”, and the quality is better; “Spring Ma” is slender and light, with hollow, no “bowlard mouth”, and the quality is second.
The fake Tianma is generally opaque, has no horizontal pattern of pitting, and has no such characteristics as “Parrot’s mouth” and “belly eye”. The cross-section fiber is obvious, the quality is light, or it is easy to break.
銆€銆€Tonic method: first use 10 g of gastrodia, soak for 2 hours in appropriate amount of water, cut into pieces, then dip the water after soaking with 200 g of rice, 100 g of lean meat, 10 g of carrot pieces, shiitake mushrooms, Tianma tablets, etc.