The diagnosis of nails is to investigate the relationship between the blood gas form and color of fingernails and internal organs and organs.
For example, when some organs of a human are deformed, the blood gas will be reflected on a certain position of the nail with different symbols, and the degree of the disease, that is, the severity of the disease, will be expressed in different colors.
Nail diagnosis is a method of diagnosing the degree of disease or complications by observing the blood gas shape and color change of fingers.
Observing the changes in nail blood gas color to detect diseases is the same as observing the auricles, fingerprints, and tongue diagnosis, and the diagnosis is the same as the area in the mother’s medicine.
First, the organization of nail diagnosis nails are divided into two parts, the deck and the nail bed.
The deck is a horny board covering the back of the fingers, slightly curved quadrangle.
Its length, shortness, width, and narrowness are basically equivalent to those of the fingers.
The straight part of the finger attached to the deck is called the nail bed.
The nail bed and the deck are closely fitted to each other. The capillaries in the nail bed are quite rich. At the same time, the meridians and the nail bed penetrate through.
The deck is divided into extremes and nail roots, the former being the free leading edge of the deck; and the hidden part of the back of the deck deep in the skin.
Except for the free extreme part of the deck, the skin around the other three sides is swollen, called a nail, and the sag between the nail and the nail bed is called a nail groove.
The deck is called the radial side, and the outer side is called the ulnar side. It connects with the formazan in both directions.
There is a white half-moon-shaped area on the deck near Jiagen, called Arc Shadow, also known as Jia Banyue, health circle, safety circle and other names.
The color of the arc shadow depends on the thickness of the cell layer. When it is old, the capillary network in the nail bed is almost completely impermeable, so it is white.Growth is prolonged by the growth of the methyl layer.
Second, the nail diagnosis method.
1, nail division.
Generally, the nails are divided into four equal parts for observation, that is, the nails are narrowed from the proximal end to the stenosis, from the radial side to the ulnar side.Front end, ulnar proximal end, ulnar front end, and each cell is divided into 4 small cells in the same way, which can also be called I, II, III and IV quadrants, respectively.
2, blood gas symbol.
It refers to the position where r blood gas appears on the nail, showing the shape and color.
The blood gas symbol reflects the degree of deformation or distortion of the organs of the viscera according to a certain form and regularity, and is the basis of the diagnosis of nails.
The shape of the blood gas symbol: generally can be divided into round, semi-circular, oval, crescent, strip, hook, figure-eight, triangle, cone, dumbbell, linear, sheet, rod, cloud-shaped, Wavy shapes, etc. (Of course, each shape is not absolutely consistent, and there are differences between the same shapes.
) In general, the shape of the symbol is different for different diseases, but sometimes the same symbol appears for different diseases.
When using it, attention should be paid to preventing the identification of other diseases, and the signs and colors of the diseases are different.
The color of the symbol, which is the external manifestation of viscera, qi and blood, mainly reflects the degree of deformation and changes in the condition.
Common symbols are red, light red, fuchsia, purple black, black, yellow, light yellow, white, gray, and purple.
Ze is Rongrun, bright, gloomy and so on.
In addition, the position of the symbol on the nail is also very important. A certain position of a disease reflected on a nail is relatively stable and relatively fixed. Different diseases have different positions of the symbol.
Third, the distribution of disease symbols and their significance.
When a person is sick, the corresponding r blood gas symbol appears on the nail. Different diseases have different blood gas symbols. The change of the condition can also be reflected by the color change of the blood gas symbol.
Therefore, the position and color change of the blood gas symbol have become an important basis for judging the presence or absence of disease as a follow-up observation of disease outcome.
1. Thumb nails.
Mainly the Taiyin lung meridian, which belongs to the lungs, the large intestine, and the branches of the Yangming large intestine meridian, are in contact with thumb nails. Thumb nails mainly reflect head diseases such as the brain, eyes, ears, nose, throat, and mouth.Suffering from illness, thumbs in both hands are the same, but in opposite directions.
Common symptoms: upper respiratory infections, headache, rhinitis, parasinusitis, nasal polyps, sore throat, tonsillitis, stomatitis, periodontal disease, dental caries, otitis media, cervical lymphadenitis, etc.
2. Index finger nails.
Mainly followed by the Hand Yangming’s large intestine meridian.
The large intestine is the large intestine in the body, and is connected to the lungs.
The index finger nail mainly reflects the upper focal, upper limb, and some throat and central focal diseases.
The left and right index fingers are basically the same, but the left and right directions are opposite. The left index fingernail reflects heart disease, and the right index fingernail mainly reflects acute bronchitis, bronchial fistula, pneumonia, tuberculosis, emphysema, pleurisy, esophageal mass, small tumor, thoracic hypertrophy. 3. Middle finger nails.
The main pericardial meridian of hand Jueyin follows.
The hand Shaoyang Sanjiao passed through the outer gate to communicate with it. The right middle finger nail mainly reflects the middle focus and part of the lower focus.
Common diseases include gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, pyloric and cardiac tumors, hepatomegaly, and kidney disease.
Common diseases of the left middle finger nail are myocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, aortic sclerosis, coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases.
4. Ring finger nails.
Mainly by hand Shaoyang Sanjiao Jingxing.
The meridian belongs to the trifocal body and is surrounded by the pericardium. The right ring finger mainly reflects the liver, gall, pancreas, kidney, large and small intestines, bladder, physiologically infected organs and knees, waist lesions. Common diseases include hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholecystitis, pneumonia, and colon.Inflammation, nephritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lumbar hypertrophy as well as uterine and anal diseases.
The left ring finger nail mainly reflects the spleen, pancreas, prostate, urethra, fallopian tube, vulva, anus and other lesions. Common diseases include pancreatitis, nephritis, salpingitis, proctitis, and uterine, urethral, prostate, vulvar, and anal diseases.
5. Little finger nails.
Mainly the hand Shaoyin heart meridian and the hand sun small intestine meridian follow.
Hand Shaoyin Heart Meridian belongs to the heart, the network and the small intestine; Hand Sun Small Intestine Meridian, which belongs to the small intestine, is connected to the heart.
Pinky fingernails mainly reflect diseases below the knee.
Diseases such as the calcaneus and sacrum sometimes reflect prostate disease.